Botanical Name and Pronunciation:
Dendranthema x grandiflorum (den-DRAN-the-ma grand-I-FLOR-um)
shades of red, pink, orange, bronze, yellow, white, and green
Form and Size:
Button spray mums have a leafy stem with many blooms. The disk-shaped blooms can be as small as 1 centimeter in diameter, and as large as 25 centimeters in diameter. They look like compact cushions.
7 – 14 days, sometimes longer
Cut under water and place in fresh water with flower food. The stem must be cut above any woody portions to ensure good water intake. Do not pound stem ends, this will not help to ensure good water intake.
History and Usage:
A member of the Compositae (aster) family, chrysanthemums, including button spray mums, originated in China. They were first introduced to Japan in 400 A.D. They were then considered the emblem of the imperial family. They were introduced to Europe in the late 18th century. Chrysanthemums have a long vase life, so they go well in any arrangement. They can be used as a filler flower.
Points of Interest:
Relatives of the chrysanthemum include cosmos, dahlia, calendula and zinnia. In Italy, mums are synonymous with death and funerals.